Babies 0-12 Mths

NOTE: Please read THIS FIRST.

Babies 0-3 Months

By 3 months your baby should:

Listening and Understanding

  •        Turn towards a familiar sound or voice
  •        Be startled by loud noises
  •        Recognise parent’s voice
  •        Often be calmed down by a familiar friendly voice (eg. parent’s)

Speech Sounds / Talking

  •        Make vocal sounds, eg. cooing (“ahh”), gurgling
  •        Frequently cry when unhappy or uncomfortable

Social Skills

  •        Look at faces
  •        Copy facial movements, eg. sticking out tongue
  •        Smile

Babies 3-6 Months

By 6 months your baby should:

Listening and Understanding

  •        Watch someone’s face when they talk
  •        Turn towards a familiar sound or voice
  •        Be interested in new sounds and toys with sounds
  •        Enjoy music and rhythm
  •        Show excitement at the sound of approaching voices
  •        Respond to “no”

  Speech Sounds and Talking

  •   Laugh
  •        May begin to babble, eg. say “baba”, “gaga”
  •        Blow raspberries
  •        Make vocal noises to get attention
  •        Grunt, frown or cry when sad or angry

Social Skills

  •        Cry in different ways to express different needs
  •        Make eye contact
  •        Sense different emotions in parent’s voice and may respond through laughing, smiling, or quietening
  •        Make sounds back when talked to

             Play

  •        Play simple games such as making sounds back when talked to
  •        Explore toys with mouth by putting toys in mouth
  •        Enjoy looking at self in a mirror

Babies 6-9 Months

By 9 months your child should:

Listening and Understanding

  •        Watch someone’s face when they talk
  •        Turn towards a familiar sound
  •        Listen when spoken to
  •        Show excitement at the sound of approaching voices

Speech Sounds and Talking

  •        Laugh during play
  •        Babble, eg. “baba”, “gaga”
  •        Babble to self
  •        Make vocal noises to get attention
  •        Grunt, frown or cry when sad or angry

Social Skills

  •        Cry in different ways to express different needs
  •        Make eye contact
  •        Sense different emotions in parent’s voice and may respond through laughing, smiling, or quietening

Play

  •        Have favourite toys
  •        Play simple games such as peekaboo
  •        Play simple games such as making sounds back when talked to

Babies 9-12 Months

By 12 months your child should:

Listening and Understanding

  • Respond when you call her name
  • Turn and look in the direction of sounds
  • Listen when spoken to
  • Understand words for some common things eg. cup, food
  • Respond to some simple instructions eg. “Come here”
  • Respond to some simple questions eg. “Do you want more?”

Speech Sounds and Talking

  •         Babble using long and short groups of words eg. tata, bibibi
  •         Early sounds include: d, m, n, h, w, t.
  •         Have at least one word by about 12 months**
  •         Simplify words, eg. may call bottle “bo”
  •         Imitate different speech sounds

Social Skills

  •         Babble to get and keep attention
  •         Use gestures to communicate – eg. hands up for “pick me up” and wave for “bye”, pointing
  •         Take turns in conversations using babble
  •         Show affection towards familiar people

Play

  •         Play simple games such as peekaboo
  •         Have favourite toys

** A word is a word used consistently by the child for the same thing; the sounds need not be correct, as long as they use that word consistently to refer to the same thing. A word may include animal noises such as “baa”.

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Disclaimer:
This information is not intended to replace the recommendations of a Speech Pathologist for an individual with a communication impairment. If you have concerns about your child’s speech and language development, please contact a Speech Pathologist.